Move Over Illustration -

Move Over Laws in United States

The Meaning of a Move Over Law

A move over law means you must act when an emergency or hazard vehicle has stopped on or beside the road. The vehicle will display white or colored flashing lights to signal its presence close to traffic lanes.

In general, the law also includes different kinds of state maintenance vehicles.

You must always use caution when you approach these vehicles.

Your next action depends on traffic and what kind of roadway you are on.

On Multi-Lane Highways

On any freeway, expressway, interstate, or other highway with more than one lane in each direction, you must move over from the lane closest to the stopped vehicle.

Adjust speed, check mirrors, and glance over your shoulder to make sure the other lane is clear. Signal to indicate your intentions to other road users and when clear, change lanes away from the one adjacent to the emergency vehicle.

Do not return to your lane until you see the vehicle or vehicles in your rear-view mirror.

If traffic or other circumstances prevent you from moving over, you must slow down to a speed that is reasonable and prudent considering officers or other personnel working close to the roadway.

Some state laws say your speed must be at least 20 mph below the posted speed limit.

Stay in your lane, slow down and try to leave enough room without straddle lane lines.

Move Over - Road Sign

On Two-Lane Highways

When there is only one lane in each direction, you must slow down and drive with caution.

If passing on the left side of the roadway is allowed, and the way ahead is clear, it may be a good idea to do so.

If the stopped vehicle is on the roadway and obstruct traffic, some states may allow you to pass on the left side even if signs or pavement markings prohibit passing (obstruction on a two-lane highway). But in general, you should not pass on the left side when solid yellow center lines or signs prohibit passing.

The Move Over Law does not mean that you can ignore other laws, signs or signals. You must still obey these laws as well.

New York Move Over Law -

The Purpose of the Move Over Law

The law exists to provide a safe environment for police, ambulance crews, and other people working along our streets and highways. When they stop close to traffic, most accidents are prevented if drivers leave more room for them to operate.

Read More:

Basic Speed Law - Speeding - NHTSA

Know What the Basic Speed Rule Means

The Basic Speed Rule

Most drivers probably know that they must slow down in bad weather or when road conditions are hazardous. It is self-preservation. You don’t want to end up in an accident.

Still, speeding during unsafe conditions is a major cause of fatal accidents.

For your DMV knowledge exam, it is important to know that a traffic officer can stop and cite you for speeding, even if you drive at the posted speed limit.

This is known as the Basic Speed Law. You must always drive at a speed that is prudent and reasonable, regardless of what the speed limit sign says.

Situations When an Officer May Stop and Give You a Ticket

Situations when an officer may decide that your speed is unreasonable include:

  • Unsafe speed when going around a tight curve.
  • Driving too fast when approaching the crest of a hill.
  • Traveling too fast upon any narrow or winding roadway.
  • Going at the speed limit in fog or other low-visibility conditions.
  • Going too fast in heavy rain or snowfall.
  • Improper speed when road conditions are slick or icy.
  • Going faster than traffic around you.
  • Posing a potential hazard for children or pedestrians along the side of the road.

Read more: Meaning of the Basic Speed Law

Do You Know What to Do at This Traffic Sign?

Common Road Signs United States by

Can You Answer this Question?

You approach this traffic sign. What should you do?

  A. Always come to a full stop.
  B. Change lanes and expect a school bus to turn around on the roadway.
  C. Be prepared to slow down and stop, if necessary.

Correct answer is found at the end of this post.

Traffic Signs on Your DMV test

Not all US traffic signs will appear on your written knowledge test, or even in your driver handbook. You are still responsible for knowing all signs and how to react to them. When taking the road test, your exterminator may ask you if you know the meaning of a traffic sign you pass, if he or she believes that you do not know the answer. So you better be well prepared.

School Bus Stop Ahead

This fluorescent yellow-green School Bus Stop Ahead is a fairly new sign. It is important to know that it is not used everywhere, only where it is most needed. You should not expect to see the sign in urban areas with low speed limits or where a stopped school bus can be easily seen from a distance.

Instead, expect to see the sign where a stopped school bus may be hidden behind a curve or not visible because of buildings and outside city limits where speed limits are higher.

What You Should Do

Anytime children may be present, you should adjust your speed and be alert. Watch for children and a stopped school bus ahead.

Slow down and stop, when necessary.

Remember, if school bus is stopped for loading or unloading children on your side of the roadway ahead, you must always come to a full stop behind the bus. You must remain stopped until the school bus starts moving again, or until red lights stop flashing and the stop arm is withdrawn.

Answer to DMV Question

Correct answer is C (Be prepared to slow down and stop, if necessary).

Wyoming 1,000 Driver License Practice Questions

Wyoming Rules of the Road

Revised Wyoming Practice Tests

The Wyoming license practice tests have been revised and updated with new unique license and permit questions and answers. The new tests are based on traffic rules, regulations, laws, and other material from the Wyoming Driver License Handbook: Rules of the Road released by Wyoming Department of Transportation (WYDOT).

How to Pass the Exam

By reading Rules of the Road and using the practice tests, you have the ultimate tutor! All questions come with a brief explanation or comment. This will speed up your learning and your knowledge exam easy.

Wyoming Passing Score

Wyoming has a passing score of 76%. You must correctly answer 19 out of 25 questions. Compared to other Stares, there are less questions about traffic signs and more questions about safe driving techniques.

When Can You Drive Faster Than the Speed Limit?

Driving faster than the speed limit


In general, it does not matter what your reasons are. Driving faster than the posted speed limit is illegal in all states.

The posted speed limit is always the maximum speed permitted on that particular road. Sometimes you must drive slower than the posted speed limit. You may never drive faster than what is reasonable and prudent under current conditions. Reduce speed when weather is bad, or when there are potential hazards on the road.

In Minnesota, the speed limit on two-lane highways with a posted speed limit of 55 mph or higher is increased by 10 mph when the driver is lawfully passing another vehicle in the same direction.


What is the Basic Speed Law?

Reduce speed in bad weather


A basic speed law says that you must travel at a speed that is consistent with existing driving conditions. These include weather, traffic, and road conditions.

Or put in other words: No person shall drive a vehicle on a highway at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the conditions.

Such a basic speed law is used in all 50 states.

Remember, it does not always matter what the speed limit sign says.

In bad weather, you must reduce speed. If there are potential hazards on the road, you must also drive slower than the posted speed limit.